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Journal/Book: Biosensors
Published: 2023
Pages: 455
Volume: 13
Issue: 4
Accession no.:
Publisher:
ISBN:

Chemiluminescence Biosensor for the Determination of Cardiac Troponin I (cTnI).

Tannenberg R, Paul M, Röder B, Gande SL, Sreeramulu S, Saxena K, Richter C, Schwalbe H, Swart C, Weller MG.
Abstract:
Cardiac vascular diseases, especially acute myocardial infarction (AMI), are one of the leading causes of death worldwide. Therefore cardio-specific biomarkers such as cardiac troponin I (cTnI) play an essential role in the field of diagnostics. In order to enable rapid and accurate measurement of cTnI with the potential of online measurements, a chemiluminescence-based immunosensor is presented as a proof of concept. A flow cell was designed and combined with a sensitive CMOS camera allowing sensitive optical readout. In addition, a microfluidic setup was established, which achieved selective and quasi-online cTnI determination within ten minutes. The sensor was tested with recombinant cTnI in phosphate buffer and demonstrated cTnI measurements in the concentration range of 2-25 µg/L. With the optimized system, a limit of detection (LoD) of 0.6 µg/L (23 pmol/L) was achieved. Furthermore, the selectivity of the immunosensor was investigated with other recombinant proteins, such as cTnT, and cTnC, at a level of 16 µg/L. No cross-reactivity could be observed. Measurements with diluted blood plasma and serum resulted in an LoD of 60 µg/L (2.4 nmol/L) and 70 µg/L (2.9 nmol/L), respectively.
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Prof. Dr. Harald Schwalbe
Institut für Organische Chemie und Chemische Biologie
Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität
Max-von-Laue-Str. 7
D-60438 Frankfurt am Main
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