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Journal/Book: ChemBioChem
Published: 2023
Pages: e202200760
Volume: 24
Issue: 7
Accession no.:

Modulation of Aβ42 aggregation kinetics and pathway by low molecular weight inhibitors

M. Hutchison, G. Bellomo, A. Cherepanov, E. Stirnal, B. Fürtig, C. Richter, V Linhard, E. Gurewitsch, M. Lelli, N. Morgner, T. Schrader, H. Schwalbe
The aggregation of amyloid-β 42 (Aβ42) is directly related to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Here, we have investigated the early stages of the aggregation process, during which most of the cytotoxic species are formed. Aβ42 aggregation kinetics, characterized by the quantification of Aβ42 monomer consumption, were tracked by real-time solution NMR spectroscopy (RT-NMR) allowing the impact that low-molecular-weight (LMW) inhibitors and modulators exert on the aggregation process to be analysed. Distinct differences in the Aβ42 kinetic profiles were apparent and were further investigated kinetically and structurally by using thioflavin T (ThT) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. LMW inhibitors were shown to have a differential impact on early-state aggregation. Insight provided here could direct future therapeutic design based on kinetic profiling of the process of fibril formation.
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Prof. Dr. Harald Schwalbe
Institut für Organische Chemie und Chemische Biologie
Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität
Max-von-Laue-Str. 7
D-60438 Frankfurt am Main
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