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Journal/Book: J Biomol NMR
Published: 2005
Pages: 295–308
Volume: 32
Accession no.: 86

Residue specific ribose and nucleobase dynamics of the cUUCGg RNA tetraloop motif by NMR 13C relaxation.

Elke Duchardt, Harald Schwalbe
The dynamics of the nucleobase and the ribose moieties in a 14-nt RNA cUUCGg hairpin-loop uniformly labeled with 13C and 15N were studied by 13C spin relaxation experiments. R1, R1rho and the 13C-[1H] steady-state NOE of C6 and C1' in pyrimidine and C8 and C1' in purine residues were obtained at 298 K. The relaxation data were analyzed by the model-free formalism to yield dynamic information on timescales of pico-, nano- and milli-seconds. An axially symmetric diffusion tensor with an overall rotational correlation time tau(c) of 2.31 +/- 0.13 ns and an axial ratio of 1.35 +/- 0.02 were determined. Both findings are in agreement with hydrodynamic calculations. For the nucleobase carbons, the validity of different reported 13C chemical shift anisotropy values (Stueber, D. and Grant, D. M., 2002 J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 10539-10551; Fiala et al., 2000 J. Biomol. NMR 16, 291-302; Sitkoff, D. and Case, D. A., 1998 Prog. NMR Spectroscopy 32, 165-190) is discussed. The resulting dynamics are in agreement with the structural features of the cUUCGg motif in that all residues are mostly rigid (0.82 < S2 < 0.96) in both the nucleobase and the ribose moiety except for the nucleobase of U7, which is protruding into solution (S2 = 0.76). In general, ribose mobility follows nucleobase dynamics, but is less pronounced. Nucleobase dynamics resulting from the analysis of 13C relaxation rates were found to be in agreement with 15N relaxation data derived dynamic information (Akke et al., 1997 RNA 3, 702-709).
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Prof. Dr. Harald Schwalbe
Institut für Organische Chemie und Chemische Biologie
Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität
Max-von-Laue-Str. 7
D-60438 Frankfurt am Main
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