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Journal/Book: ACS Chem Biol
Published: 2024
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Shine-Dalgarno Accessibility Governs Ribosome Binding to the Adenine Riboswitch

Blechar J, de Jesus V, Fürtig B, Hengesbach M, Schwalbe H.
Abstract:
Translational riboswitches located in the 5′ UTR of the messenger RNA (mRNA) regulate translation through variation of the accessibility of the ribosome binding site (RBS). These are the result of conformational changes in the riboswitch RNA governed by ligand binding. Here, we use a combination of single-molecule colocalization techniques (Single-Molecule Kinetic Analysis of RNA Transient Structure (SiM-KARTS) and Single-Molecule Kinetic Analysis of Ribosome Binding (SiM-KARB)) and microscale thermophoresis (MST) to investigate the adenine-sensing riboswitch in Vibrio vulnificus, focusing on the changes of accessibility between the ligand-free and ligand-bound states. We show that both methods faithfully report on the accessibility of the RBS within the riboswitch and that both methods identify an increase in accessibility upon adenine binding. Expanding on the regulatory context, we show the impact of the ribosomal protein S1 on the unwinding of the RNA secondary structure, thereby favoring ribosome binding even for the apo state. The determined rate constants suggest that binding of the ribosome is faster than the time required to change from the ON state to the OFF state, a prerequisite for efficient regulation decision.
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Prof. Dr. Harald Schwalbe
Institut für Organische Chemie und Chemische Biologie
Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität
Max-von-Laue-Str. 7
D-60438 Frankfurt am Main
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